Yıl:2022   Cilt: 8   Sayı: 2   Alan: Ziraat, Orman ve Su Ürünleri Temel Alanı

  1. Anasayfa
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  3. ID: 122

Drip Irrigation System Design for one of the Olive Farm Species (Olea europea) Growing in Mosul

Esam M.Sh. HAMİD ORCID Icon,Nadira A. MOHAMMED ORCID Icon

The research was conducted in the city of Mosul in the southern Sinjar region, with more than 30,000 hectares of agricultural land, the largest area of which depends on rainwater, and the amount of rain falling was little its seasonal distribution did not meet the needs of crop growth in a good way. The solution that can be provided to the problem of the water shortage was the serious thinking about increasing the efficiency of water use by adopting other types of irrigation such as drip irrigation. In this study, we designed a drip irrigation system for olive lands in Mosul, especially as Mosul is appropriate for olive cultivation. The olive farms of (Olea europea) species are very economic and profitable. The drip irrigation system was used, the design results were that the density of trees was 400 trees/ha, each tree needed four droppers with a drainage of 4 liters/hour and an operating pressure of one bar, the water requirement was 195 liters/tree/day. The olive farms of (Olea europea) species were very economic and profitable. The drip irrigation system was used, the design results were, that the density of trees was 400 trees/ha, each tree needed four droppers with drainage of 4 liters/hour and operating pressure of one bar, the water requirement was 195 liters/tree/day. The olive farm (stand) was divided into 3 units, the number of operating hours was 10 hours/day, and the period between two successive irrigations was 3 days, but the irrigation duration per day (Ta) was 10 hr, the total feeding pips for all farm units were 30 pipes. Water drainages were 0.23m3/hr for each feeding pipe. Water losses of 10-20% from the operating pressure of the emitter. Otherwise, the first, second, and third main pipe drainages were (10, 9.6, 6.4 m3/hr) respectively. Three lateral pipe drainages (9.6, 6.4, 3.2 m3/hr) respectively helping small farmers grow olives and providing them with loans and agricultural facilities particularly the agricultural college graduates, will reduce unemployment among young people and restore balance to the agricultural sector.

Anahtar Kelimeler: olive tree, head loss, irrigation system, main pipelines, lateral pipelines


Drip Irrigation System Design for one of the Olive Farm Species (Olea europea) Growing in Mosul

The research was conducted in the city of Mosul in the southern Sinjar region, with more than 30,000 hectares of agricultural land, the largest area of which depends on rainwater, and the amount of rain falling was little its seasonal distribution did not meet the needs of crop growth in a good way. The solution that can be provided to the problem of the water shortage was the serious thinking about increasing the efficiency of water use by adopting other types of irrigation such as drip irrigation. In this study, we designed a drip irrigation system for olive lands in Mosul, especially as Mosul is appropriate for olive cultivation. The olive farms of (Olea europea) species are very economic and profitable. The drip irrigation system was used, the design results were that the density of trees was 400 trees/ha, each tree needed four droppers with a drainage of 4 liters/hour and an operating pressure of one bar, the water requirement was 195 liters/tree/day. The olive farms of (Olea europea) species were very economic and profitable. The drip irrigation system was used, the design results were, that the density of trees was 400 trees/ha, each tree needed four droppers with drainage of 4 liters/hour and operating pressure of one bar, the water requirement was 195 liters/tree/day. The olive farm (stand) was divided into 3 units, the number of operating hours was 10 hours/day, and the period between two successive irrigations was 3 days, but the irrigation duration per day (Ta) was 10 hr, the total feeding pips for all farm units were 30 pipes. Water drainages were 0.23m3/hr for each feeding pipe. Water losses of 10-20% from the operating pressure of the emitter. Otherwise, the first, second, and third main pipe drainages were (10, 9.6, 6.4 m3/hr) respectively. Three lateral pipe drainages (9.6, 6.4, 3.2 m3/hr) respectively helping small farmers grow olives and providing them with loans and agricultural facilities particularly the agricultural college graduates, will reduce unemployment among young people and restore balance to the agricultural sector.

Keywords: olive tree, head loss, irrigation system, main pipelines, lateral pipelines


Atıf İçin

Hamid, E. M. S. & Mohammed, N. A. (2022). Drip Irrigation System Design for one of the Olive Farm Species (Olea europea) Growing in Mosul. Journal of Current Research on Engineering, Science and Technology, 8 (2), 167-180.


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